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Barry Ness

Barry Ness

Senior Lecturer, Docent

Barry Ness

Healthy indoor environments : The need for a holistic approach


  • Aneta Wierzbicka
  • Eja Pedersen
  • Roger Persson
  • Birgitta Nordquist
  • Kristian Stålne
  • Chuansi Gao
  • Lars Erik Harderup
  • Jonas Borell
  • Héctor Caltenco
  • Barry Ness
  • Emilie Stroh
  • Yujing Li
  • Mats Dahlblom
  • Karin Lundgren-Kownacki
  • Christina Isaxon
  • Anders Gudmundsson
  • Pawel Wargocki

Summary, in English

Indoor environments have a large impact on health and well-being, so it is important to understand what makes them healthy and sustainable. There is substantial knowledge on individual factors and their effects, though understanding how factors interact and what role occupants play in these interactions (both causative and receptive) is lacking. We aimed to: (i) explore interactions between factors and potential risks if these are not considered from holistic perspective; and (ii) identify components needed to advance research on indoor environments. The paper is based on collaboration between researchers from disciplines covering technical, behavioural, and medical perspectives. Outcomes were identified through literature reviews, discussions and workshops with invited experts and representatives from various stakeholder groups. Four themes emerged and were discussed with an emphasis on occupant health: (a) the bio-psycho-social aspects of health; (b) interaction between occupants, buildings and indoor environment; (c) climate change and its impact on indoor environment quality, thermal comfort and health; and (d) energy efficiency measures and indoor environment. To advance the relevant research, the indoor environment must be considered a dynamic and complex system with multiple interactions. This calls for a transdisciplinary and holistic approach and effective collaboration with various stakeholders.


  • Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology
  • Environmental Psychology
  • Department of Psychology
  • Division of Building Services
  • Division of Building Physics
  • Certec - Rehabilitation Engineering and Design
  • LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
  • Planetary Health
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health
  • Genetic Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Publishing year





International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health





Document type

Journal article




  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


  • Healthy indoor environment
  • Holistic approach
  • Indoor environment quality
  • Multidisciplinary studies



Research group

  • Environmental Psychology
  • Planetary Health
  • Genetic Occupational and Environmental Medicine


  • ISSN: 1661-7827