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Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

Professor

Christine Wamsler

Developing a national strategy for disaster risk reduction and resilience in Sweden : Recommendations for the implementation of the Sendai Framework Global Target E

Author

  • Christine Wamsler
  • Åse Johannessen
  • Peter Månsson

Summary, in English

Increasing impacts from hazards worldwide, including Sweden, have prompted international efforts to promote the development of national strategies for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and resilience to reduce associated impacts and support sustainable development. The development of such strategies is global target E of the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015-2030, which was adopted in 2015 by Sweden and other UN member states.
An increasing understanding of the need to address the underlying causes of risk has led to demands for more coherence in strategies that focus on DRR, climate change adaptation, and sustainable development. The Sendai Framework, Paris Agreement on Climate Change, Agenda 2030, and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) promote such strategies. MSB is the Swedish national focal point for the Sendai Framework and thus commissioned to drive its implementation in Sweden.
The overall purpose of this study was to support MSB in the implementation of the global target E of the Sendai Framework for DRR. The specific aim was to provide knowledge and recommendations for decision-making. This includes the analysis of the relevance and scope of developing a national strategy for DRR and resilience. The study also identifies drivers and barriers for creating policy coherence and local-level support. In fact, it addresses what to consider in developing a national and local strategies and provides information about how to achieve coherence with current laws and strategies. Furthermore, the study addresses the challenges of meeting UNDRR’s ten criteria for DRR strategies and four priority areas as well as the importance of selecting good indicators. Apart from the local context and conditions, it considers lessons learned from six other European countries.
The methods for this study included document reviews, interviews, group discussions and participatory observation aimed at systematising current knowledge and experiences of key stakeholders at international, national, regional and local level.
The results show that there is a clear need, and vast support, for the development of a national strategy for DRR and resilience in Sweden in order to improve current approaches, address shortfalls, and build on the existing strengths. The inclusion of concrete measures and associated budgeting are needed for the strategy to become useful and effective for the Swedish society. It is also highlighted that the process for developing and implementing a national strategy is equally or even more important than the strategy itself. Specific recommendations for a national strategy are described in this report.

Department/s

  • Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety
  • LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Document type

Report

Publisher

MSB

Topic

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Public Administration Studies

Keywords

  • Sendai framework
  • disaster risk reduction
  • policy mainstreaming
  • agenda 2030
  • SDGs
  • Paris agreement
  • policy coherence
  • environmental policy integration
  • resilience
  • Disaster risk management
  • Climate change adaptation
  • climate change
  • sustainability
  • sustainable development
  • local strategies
  • national strategies

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISBN: 978-91-7383-943-3