The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Sara Brogaard

Sara Brogaard

Senior Lecturer

Sara Brogaard

Mapping Europe's institutional landscape for forest ecosystem service provision, innovations and governance


  • Eeva Primmer
  • Liisa Varumo
  • Torsten Krause
  • Francesco Orsi
  • Davide Geneletti
  • Sara Brogaard
  • Ewert Aukes
  • Marco Ciolli
  • Carol Grossmann
  • Mónica Hernández-Morcillo
  • Jutta Kister
  • Tatiana Kluvánková
  • Lasse Loft
  • Carolin Maier
  • Claas Meyer
  • Christian Schleyer
  • Martin Spacek
  • Carsten Mann

Summary, in English

There has been a strong quest for mapping and assessing ecosystem services (ES) to support governance. Yet, the institutional landscape that governs ES provision across multiple contexts has received less attention. We fill this research gap by developing and operationalising a framework for the analysis of policy documents that address European forest ES provision. By coding and analysing references to forest ES as well as innovations and governance mechanisms addressing these ES in national strategies on forest, biodiversity and bioeconomy, we map the institutional landscape of forest ES provision in Europe. We further analyse how biophysical supply of forest ES is connected to policies paying attention to ES and identifying innovations and governance for their provision. Innovations identified in policies centre around value chains of wood and bioenergy or biodiversity conservation, while non-wood forest products, cultural heritage, and recreation receive little attention. Biophysical supply of provisioning ES is connected to policies emphasising many innovations, while little supply of regulating ES could trigger service innovations and several new governance mechanisms. As forest ecosystems have received much attention in global, European and national sustainability policies, our institutional mapping illustrates that there is room for more use of innovations in promoting ES provision.


  • LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate

Publishing year





Ecosystem Services



Document type

Journal article




  • Forest Science


  • Document analysis
  • Ecosystem services governance
  • Forest ecosystem services
  • Innovations
  • Institutional landscape
  • Policy analysis




  • ISSN: 2212-0416