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Climate Change Adaptation and Gender Inequality: Insights from Rural Vietnam

Author:
  • Josephine Ylipaa
  • Sara Gabrielsson
  • Anne Jerneck
Publishing year: 2019-05-16
Language: English
Pages:
Publication/Series: Sustainability
Volume: 11
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: MDPI AG

Abstract english

Vietnam is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change impacts, especially from extreme weather events such as storms and floods. Thus, climate change adaptation is crucial, especially for natural resource-dependent farmers. Based on a qualitative research approach using a feminist political ecology lens, this article investigates gendered patterns of rural agrarian livelihoods and climate adaptation in the province of Thái Bình. In doing so, we identify differentiated rights and responsibilities between female and male farmers, leading to unequal opportunities and immobility for females, making them more vulnerable to climate impacts and threatening to reduce their capacity to adapt. This research also shows that demands on farmers to contribute to perpetual increases in agricultural output by the state poses a challenge, since farming livelihoods in Vietnam are increasingly becoming feminised, as a result of urbanisation and devaluation of farming. Past and present national strategies and provincial implementation plans linked to climate change do not consider the burden affecting rural female farmers, instead the focus lies on addressing technical solutions to adaptation. With little attention being paid to an increasingly female workforce, existing gender inequalities may be exacerbated, threatening the future existence of rural livelihoods and the viability of Vietnam’s expansion into global markets.

Keywords

  • Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
  • Gender Studies

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2071-1050
Sara Gabrielsson
E-mail: sara [dot] gabrielsson [at] LUCSUS [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate senior lecturer

LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)

+46 46 222 16 93

Josephson, 220

Josephson, Biskopsgatan 5, Lund

59

Short biography

Sara Gabrielsson is an Associate senior lecturer in Sustainability science at Lund University. Sara’s primary research focus is on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and sustainable development in Africa. Sara’s vision isto facilitate the interaction between academia and sanitation practitioners to enable the spread of sustainable WASH from theory to action.

Impact and communication

Policy work
Policy brief: Toward Sustainable Menstrual Health Managemant in Tanzania (PDF)

Capacity building

SUSTAIN

Land is Life

Media

Menskopp bidrar till bättre skolgång för tjejer i Tanzania, Sveriges radio, 2018 

Menskopp hjälper unga kvinnor i Tanzania få en bättre skolgång, SVT nyheter, 2018

Kära världen, låt oss prata mera om mens!, Debattartikel i Dagens Arena, 2018

Menstrual cups could help girls attend school in Tanzania, Lunduniversity.lu.se, 2018

Menskopp bidrar till bättre skolgång för tjejer i Tanzania, lu.se, 2018

Videos

"Breaking the Silence" - A film about the challenges with Menstrual Health Management in rural Tanzania

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