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Torsten Krause

Torsten Krause

Senior Lecturer

Torsten Krause

Agroforestry as a biodiversity conservation tool in the atlantic forest? Motivations and limitations for small-scale farmers to implement agroforestry systems in North-Eastern Brazil

Author

  • Mauricio Sagastuy
  • Torsten Krause

Summary, in English

Agroforestry practices support agricultural resilience against climatic variability, increase soil productivity, can diversify and increase farmers' incomes, and support native fauna in agricultural landscapes. However, many farmers are still reluctant to implement agroforestry practices. We distributed questionnaires to 75 agroforestry and 64 "conventional agriculture" small-scale farmers working in the northeastern region of the Atlantic Forest to identify the motivations and limitations to implement agroforestry practices. We reveal the four main reasons why farmers worked with agroforestry: Higher income generation (89%), diversification of the production system (86%), increase in the land's quality and productivity (86%), and increase in self-suciency (82%). The three most common mentioned reasons for conventional agriculture farmers to not shift to agroforestry practices were: Uncertainty if the system will work (62%), reduction in yield of the main agricultural crop (43%), and a lack of models and knowledge in the region (41%). Agroforestry in Brazil's Atlantic Forest region can support native fauna, but farmers need to be educated about agroforestry practices and encouraged to switch from conventional agriculture to agroforestry through an increase in available technical assistance and capacitation/training in agroforestry practices.

Department/s

  • LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate

Publishing year

2019

Language

English

Publication/Series

Sustainability (Switzerland)

Volume

11

Issue

24

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

MDPI AG

Topic

  • Agricultural Science

Keywords

  • Agroforestry technical assistance
  • Cabruca cocoa plantation
  • Crop diversity
  • Farmers' perceptions
  • Small-scale farmers

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 2071-1050