Concerning Southeast Asia I have studied aspects of modern socio-economic transformation in Vietnam relating to national development strategies and the changing role of the state in the transition from plan to market in the 1980s and 1990s. In that context and with a focus on income and career opportunities among people who are poor, I also studied gender inequalities in urban labour markets, formal and informal, as well as rural income opportunities in aqua culture. Thereafter, I have studied options and capacities for climate change mitigation and adaptation among ‘the poorest of the poor in sustainable livelihoods’ in coastal Vietnam and in agroforestry based subsistence farming in Kenya.
Regarding development and sustainability, I am interested in how they compare as two normative fields with many commonalities in terms of inter-disciplinarity, policy orientation, participatory methods and trans-disciplinarity. I am also concerned about how they vary in terms of spatial and temporal scales and approaches. Sustainability science (SS) differs from development in at least three aspects: SS starts from a global perspective that does not dichotomise the global North from the global South; it takes an integrative approach attempting to bridge knowledge from natural science with that of social science; and it is concerned with both contemporary and future generations.
Regarding sustainability science as an emerging scientific and scholarly field, I am interested in knowledge structuring, methodology (mainly qualitative approaches) and sustainability pathways relating to livelihoods and lifestyles. I am interested in if/how social theory like symbolic interactionism, institutionalism and various critical theories of discourse and power, including feminist and gender perspectives, can be useful in sustainability science. In addition I am exploring how qualitative methodology, like grounded theory and situated analysis, can be used to design and perform studies in sustainability science where theories on adaptation, transition and governance are common. Finally, I am interested in our LUCID profile of combining critical with problem solving research and how that relates to ongoing debates on research evaluation and decision making referring to quality criteria such as the following two sets: credibility, originality, resonance and usefulness versus salience, credibility and legitimacy (see Charmaz 2006; Cash and Clark 2002).
I am a senior lecturer in economic history and associate professor in sustainability science. In research and my scholarship of teaching and learning, I have focused on processes of social, structural and institutional change mainly in relation to poverty, inequality, development and sustainability. Regarding social change in Western societies, and as part of a wider field of comparative economic history, I have offered undergraduate courses on industrialisation as a major social process. Relating to social change in Asia and Latin America I have been involved in courses on post-war economic transformation under various political regimes as well as courses on post-cold war transition from plan to market as a special type of structural and institutional change. In all these courses there was a focus on long term social change, interactions between state and market, resource distribution, labour markets, livelihood strategies and rural-urban linkages.
In terms of development studies and programs I have joined interdisciplinary teams to design and offer a range of courses on theories, strategies and contemporary development issues. In addition, we have designed courses emphasizing historical aspects of development such as colonialism, state construction and land acquisition. Furthermore, we have debated critical theory such as feminist, postcolonial and post-development perspectives. In addition, we have discussed development in times of globalisation and migration as well as in relation to climate change and sustainability. Eventually, some of those themes and ideas were synthesized into a book on politics and development in times of globalization that I was invited to co-author with two development researchers (2011/2012). When it comes to methodology I have joined interdisciplinary teams to teach various bachelor and master courses in qualitative inquiry, research strategies, field methods, data analysis and the use of theory and heuristics for synthesising findings.
Retrieved from Lund University's publications database
- It takes an academic village : Establishing an interdisciplinary research school and educating the first generations of PhDs
- Pluralism in Search of Sustainability: Ethics, Knowledge and Methdology in Sustainability Science
- Taking gender seriously in climate change adaptation and sustainability science research : views from feminist debates and sub-Saharan small-scale agriculture
- Principles of epistemological accountability with methodological implications for measuring, assessing, and profiling human resilience
- Understanding Poverty : Seeking Synergies Between the Three Discourses of Development, Gender, and Environment
- Why resilience is unappealing to social science : Theoretical and empirical investigations of the scientific use of resilience
- A smoke-free kitchen: initiating community based co-production for cleaner cooking and cuts in carbon emissions
- Living without buffers-illustrating climate vulnerability in the Lake Victoria basin
- More than trees! Understanding the agroforestry adoption gap in subsistence agriculture: Insights from narrative walks in Kenya
Josephson, Biskopsgatan 5, Lund