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Biological diversity is a cornerstone of healthy and functioning ecosystems and ultimately also human well-being. From the invisible microfauna in our soils, to the large animals that still roam forests, savannahs and the oceans, and the hundreds of thousands of plants that make our surroundings green, they all are of incredible importance to the world we live in. Biological diversity is being steadily lost due to deforestation or the conversion of grasslands and savannahs to agriculture; hunting and exploitation of animals and plants; pollution; climate change and invasive species.


At LUCSUS, we carry out research on frontiers in sustainability that have direct links with biodiversity because we know that the world is ultimately a huge social-ecological system, and in order to tackle the sustainability challenge swe face and transition towards a society that will be more sustainable, equitable and in line with ecological limits, we cannot study individual sustainability questions in isolation. In May 2019, the UN Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) published a global assessment on the state of nature, ecosystems and nature's contributions to people.

Link to the report "Assessing the state of knowledge on biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people in support of sustainable development"

The report highlights that  in order to better understand and, more importantly, to address the main causes for biodiversity loss we need to understand the indirect drivers found in the historical and complex interlinkages of demographic and economic development. Key drivers include increased population; rising consumption per capita; fast paced technological innovation with its positive and negative effects on the natural environment; and critical issues related to governance and accountability of policy-makers, governments and the private sector (IPBES 2019). The report emphasizes that only through ‘transformative change’, nature can still be conserved, restored, and used sustainably. Recognizing this and implementing these transformative changes in political decisions and governance at global, national and local levels, and in economic management and individual behavior is crucial in order to achieve the other global sustainable development goals.

The research we carry out at LUCSUS are important for this transformative change.

Read more about LUCSUS' research on biodiversity and comments on the IPBES global assessment report


Research projects at LUCSUS


Silent Forests – Defaunation as the missing piece in forest governance

NATURVATION – NATure-based Urban innoVATION


Page Manager:

P.O. Box 170, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46(0)46- 222 80 81
info [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se