Senior Lecturer, Docent
Political ecology, climate change mitigation, carbon forestry, carbon sequestration, perennial agriculture, carbon dioxide removal, negative emissions, political economy, socio-ecological theory, environmental geography, environmental justice
My current research centers on the politics, political economy and political ecology of climate change mitigation, with a particular focus on negative emissions / carbon removal. The research projects that I am part of for example study the politics of modelling negative emissions in integrated assessment models; the assumptions underpinning projections of large-scale carbon removal; the extent and form in which these are being taken up by policy makers in different countries; and the various narratives and imaginaries about negative emissions that are being produced by corporations, policy makers and in civil society. My research also investigates the implementation of specific carbon removal projects, through technologies ranging from 'natural climate solutions' such as perennial agriculture and large-scale tree planting, to bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and direct air capture (DAC). This involves, for example, examining the political and economic conditions for project implementation across different geographies and the political economy of project development and finance. A key theme running through my research is the question of climate justice.
All my publications are available through researchgate. If you would like to access the published version for any of them and cannot get a hold of it, just send me an email.
I am involved in a number of courses at LUCSUS and at the Department of Human Geography, focused mostly on political ecology and environmental sustainability. I'm currently responsible for two courses:
- MESS55 on Political Ecology, an elective master course for the LUMES program
- MESS62 - Climate Change and Society, a free-standing selective course offered by LUCSUS
I am particularly interested in supervising student projects and theses that pursue topics related to the political economy and/or political ecology of climate change, climate change policy, renewable energy developments, biodiversity and sustainable agriculture and forestry. This could for example include a thematic focus on carbon forestry, carbon offsetting, biodiversity offsetting, negative emission technologies, climate and environmental justice, EU and/or Swedish forest policy, climate smart agriculture, agroforestry, rewilding, ... I'm of course open for other proposals as well.
Displaying of publications. Sorted by year, then title.
Wim Carton is a Human Geographer with a background in Development Studies, International Relations and History. His main academic objective is to help understand society-nature relations, and how these are changed and articulated through various sustainability challenges. His primary research focus is on the political ecology of climate change mitigation in carbon forestry and agriculture, and related discussions on negative emissions in climate policy.
1. Multifunctional perennial farming systems (2017-2021 - Funded by SIDA/VR)
A project on the development and adoption of perennial agricultural systems in Uganda
2. Negative emissions and the politics of a projected future (2019-2023 - Funded by FORMAS)
A study on the political economy and political performativity of negative emissions used in climate models and science.
3. Trade-offs between negative emissions and near-term emission reductions (2020 - 2023 - Funded by FORMAS)
A project on the risks and tradeoffs with relying on negative emissions and their impacts on conventional mitigation.
4. The (re-)production of green imaginaries through Natural Climate Solutions (2021 - 2025 - Funded by Danmarks Frie Forskningsfond)
An investigation of dominant narratives about 'natural climate solutions'.
5. Burying problems? Imaginaries of carbon capture and storage in Scandinavia (2021 - 2025 - Funded by Energimyndigheten)
A study of sociotechnical imaginaries of carbon capture and storage in Scandinavian energy systems.