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Wim Carton

Associate Senior Lecturer

Research areas

Political ecology, climate change mitigation, carbon forestry, carbon sequestration, perennial agriculture, carbon dioxide removal, negative emissions, political economy, socio-ecological theory, environmental geography, environmental justice

Current research

I am currently involved in three research projects. The first project, funded through a FORMAS mobility grant, studies a carbon offsetting project in Uganda, with direct links to Swedish consumers. The focus in this project is on the notion of 'carbon', the way it is conceptualized and practiced at different moments along the carbon offsetting value chain, and the conflicts and incommensurabilities these different understandings of carbon give rise to. The second project is a larger research collaboration on Sustainability and Resilience in which I am currently the coordinator. Together with smallholder farmers in Uganda, we are experimenting with various perennial farming systems as a way to decrease vulnerability to extreme weather events and other environmental stressors. The third project is an international study within the FORMAS national programme on climate change, where we are investigating the political economy of the negative emissions idea, as it emerges from the work of the IPCC, from Integrated Assessment Models, and from pilot studies in Sweden and the US. 

Theoretically and methodologically, my research is situated within the broad fields of political ecology and the political economy of climate change mitigation. In past writings I have drawn inspiration from debates on the commodification and neoliberalization of nature, critical energy studies, climate justice, etc., though I would say my academic interests are wide-ranging, and continue to grow.

All my publications are available through researchgate. If you would like to access the published version for any of them and cannot get a hold of it, just send me an email and I will send it to you.


I'm involved in a number of courses at LUCSUS and at the Department of Human Geography, focused mostly on political ecology and environmental sustainability. I'm responsible for two courses:

- SGEA20/2 on Global Challenges, an undergraduate course in 'Global Challenges' at the Human Geography department. 

- MESS55 on Political Ecology, an elective master course for the LUMES program

I am particularly interested in supervising student projects and theses that pursue topics related to the political economy and/or political ecology of climate change, climate change policy, renewable energy developments, biodiversity and sustainable agriculture and forestry. This could for example include a thematic focus on carbon forestry, carbon offsetting, biodiversity offsetting, negative emission technologies, climate and environmental justice, EU and/or Swedish forest policy, climate smart agriculture, agroforestry, rewilding, ... I'm of course open for other proposals as well.


Retrieved from Lund University's publications database



Retrieved from Lund University's publications database


Retrieved from Lund University's publications database

Page Manager:
Wim Carton
E-mail: wim [dot] carton [at] LUCSUS [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate senior lecturer

LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)



Wim Carton is a Human Geographer with a background in Development Studies, International Relations and History. His main academic objective is to help understand society-nature relations, and how these are changed and articulated through various sustainability challenges. His primary research focus is on the political ecology of climate change mitigation in carbon forestry and agriculture, and related discussions on negative emissions in climate policy.

Research projects

1. Chasing carbon (2017-2020 - Funded by FORMAS)

A project on political ecology and the commodity chain of two carbon forestry projects in Uganda

2. Multifunctional perennial farming systems (2017-2021 - Funded by SIDA/VR)

A project on the development and adoption of perennial agricultural systems in Uganda 

3. Negative emissions and the politics of a projected future (2019-2023 - Funded by FORMAS)

A study on the political economy and political performativity of negative emissions used in climate models and science.

P.O. Box 170, SE-222 70 Lund, Sweden
Phone: +46(0)46- 222 80 81
info [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se